My research is on the role of identity and social norms in economic decision making. In particular, I focus on the emergence of norms and study how behaviors which were not originally regulated by norms gradually become entrenched practices and acquire a normative force.
For this purpose, I develop probabilistic models which help illustrate the features of the emergence of norms and of other social phenomena, such as informational cascades and pluralistic ignorance.
This research is accompanied by a family of experimental studies on the effects of social cues on norms compliance. In my research, I use a combination of formal and empirical methods and explore the conditions that make, or do not make, formal models an appropriate tool for describing social phenomena and suggesting interventions in society.



“Why is behavioral game theory economists’ game? The concept of beliefs in equilibrium”. To appear in Egashira, Taishido, Hands and Mäki (eds.) (2018) A Genealogy of Self-interest in Economics (Springer).

“The Role of Psychology in Behavioral Economics: the Case of Social Preferences” (forthcoming) Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, Part A  

Published Papers:

“Hypothetical Models in Social Science” (2017) with Alessandra Basso and Caterina Marchionni. Springer Handbook of Model-Based Science, edited by Lorenzo Magnani and Tommaso Bertolotti.

Robustness Analysis and Tractability in Modeling(2016) European Journal for Philosophy of Science.

On The Emergence Of Descriptive Norms (2014) with Ryan Muldoon, Cristina Bicchieri, Stephan Hartmann and Jan Sprenger. Politics, Philosophy and Economics. 13(1): 3-22

Why are descriptive norms there?” (2014) with Ryan Muldoon and Stephan Hartmann. Synthese. 191: 4409-4029. [Preprint here]

Disagreement Behind the Veil of Ignorance (2014) with Mark Colyvan, Carlo Martini, Ryan Muldoon, Giacomo Sillari and Jan Sprenger.  Philosophical Studies. 170: 377-394

Conformorality. A Study on Group Conditioning of Normative Judgment  (2013) with Marie Nilsenova and Matteo Colombo.   The Review of Philosophy and Psychology. 4: 751-764. [Preprint here]

Edited Volumes and Special Issues:

Knowledge Transfer and Its Context” (In Preparation) Studies in History and Philosophy of Science: Part A. Ed. with C. Herfeld.

Formal Epistemology Meets Experimental Philosophy (2013)  Synthese. Ed. with S. Hartmann and E. Machery. With contributions by M. Colyvan. G. Devetag, H. Hosni and G. Sillari. J. Overton. M. Unterhuber and G. Schurz. A. Vallinder and Erik Olsson. Carl Wagner.

Book Reviews:

Robustness Analysis versus Reliable Process Reasoning (2014) Review of Robert Hudson’s ‘Seeing Things. The Philosophy of Reliable Observations’. Metascience.

Working Papers:

“(Norms)^2: Norms About Norms.” 

“Measuring Norms in Economics” (with Juliette de Wit)

“Multiple Models, One Explanation” (with Johannes Korbmacher)

“Challenges to Interdisciplinary Practice in Behavioral Economics” 

“The Dark Side of Norm Compliance” (with Susanne Tauber)

“A Dynamic Model of Pluralistic Ignorance” with Stephan Hartmann and Ryan Muldoon

Research Project:Norms in Motion: on the Dynamics of Social Norm Change